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Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin - Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Fakultät - Institut für Mathematik

Preprint 2016-12

A. Brandhuber, M. Kostacinska, B. Penante, G. Travaglini and D. Young

 

The SU(2/3) dynamic two-loop form factors.

 

Abstract: We compute two-loop form factors of operators in the SU (2|3) closed subsector of N = 4 supersymmetric Yang-Mills. In particular, we focus on the non-protected, dimension-three operators Tr(X[Y, Z]) and Tr(ψψ) for which we compute the four possible two-loop form factors, and corresponding remainder functions, with external states X  ̄ Y  ̄ Z|  ̄ and ψ  ̄ψ|.  ̄ Interestingly, the maximally transcendental part of the two-loop remainder of X  ̄ Y  ̄ Z|Tr(X[Y,  ̄ Z])|0 turns out to be identical to that of the corresponding known quantity for the half-BPS operator Tr(X 3). We also find a surprising connection between the terms subleading in transcendentality and certain a priori unrelated remainder densities introduced in the study of the spin chain Hamiltonian in the SU (2) sector. Next, we use our calculation to resolve the mixing, recovering anomalous dimensions and eigenstates of the dilatation operator in the SU (2|3) sector at two loops. We also speculate on potential connections between our calculations in N = 4 super Yang-Mills and Higgs + multi-gluon amplitudes in QCD in an effective Lagrangian approach.
 

Preprint series: Institut für Mathematik, Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin (ISSN 0863-0976), 2016-12

 

41 pp.